What is bladder cancer?

What is bladder cancer and what are the symptoms?

Bladder cancer is where a growth of abnormal tissue, known as a tumour, develops in the bladder lining (the urothelium). In some cases, the tumour spreads into the bladder muscle.

The most common symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine. It might be that the urine is bright red, rusty or pink, but sometimes the blood is invisible and can only be found by a doctor testing a urine sample. Blood in the urine is known by the medical profession as haematuria.

There are other possible symptoms but not everyone will have these:

  • Urinary tract infections that don’t respond to antibiotics
  • Pain in the stomach
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Pain when urinating and needing to go more frequently
  • Incontinence
  • Lower back pain

Once diagnosed, bladder cancer can be classified by how far it has spread and what kind it is. Doctors need to know what kind it is so they can give patients the right treatment. For further information on bladder cancer please visit fightbladdercancer.co.uk and NHS